China's annual National People's Congress has begun at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing - a 10-day affair that is China's last parliamentary session under the current leadership.
Premier Wen Jiabao is delivering the opening speech to some 3,000 delegates from across the nation.
He will deliver a report card and set the agenda for the next 12 months.
These are expected to include a 7.5% target growth and $100bn (£65bn) in military spending.
Later this year a once-in-a-decade leadership change will begin. China's leader-in-waiting, Xi Jinping, is expected to take over the party leadership from President Hu Jintao.
Behind the scenes of this session senior officials will be jockeying for power, says our correspondent, but the Communist party will be determined to keep any divisions within its ruling elite behind closed doors.